NRF-Funded Research Outputs (Journal Articles, Conference papers, Book Chapters, Books): Recent submissions

  • Kinnaird, JA; Nex, PAM (International Union of Geological Sciences, 2016-06-01)
    Africa has been a significant world producer of uranium since 1945 when it was discovered in the DRC (then the Belgian Congo). There are four major types of deposits that produce the majority of the uranium in Africa: The ...
  • Gangopadhyay, S (2016-05-28)
    The tunnelling formalism in the Hamilton-Jacobi approach is adopted to study Hawking radiation of massless Dirac particles from spherically symmetric black hole spacetimes incorporating the effects of the generalized ...
  • Cinti, F (Springer Verlag, 2016-03-01)
    We present a study that investigated a quantum dipolar gas in continuous space where a potential lattice was imposed. Employing exact quantum Monte Carlo techniques, we analysed the ground-state properties of the scrutinised ...
  • Latif, MA; Dragomir, SS (Natural Publishing, 2016-09-01)
    In this paper, we establish Hermite-Hadamard type inequalities for functions whose nth derivatives are s-logarithmically convex functions. From our results, several results for classical trapezoidal and classical midpoint ...
  • Giraldi, F (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2016-11-01)
    The decay of unstable quantum states has been studied for special energy distribution densities that are shaped with logarithmic forms. This analysis is extended in the present scenario to removable logarithmic singularities ...
  • Carlson, AS; Carlson, WA; Harris, WF (AOSIS, 2016-08-04)
    Purpose: Providing vision correction in communities where healthcare facilities are unavailable is problematic. Here, we explore the possibility of using pinholes as near visual aids in the developing world. Method: ...
  • Connor, L; Sievers, J; Pen, U-L (Oxford University Press, 2016-05-01)
    We propose a new extra but non-cosmological explanation for fast radio bursts (FRBs) based on very young pulsars in supernova remnants. Within a few hundred years of a core-collapse supernova, the ejecta is confined within ...
  • Knowles, K; Intema, HT; Baker, AJ; Bharadwaj, V; Bond, JR; Cress, C; Gupta, N; Hajian, A; Hilton, M; Hincks, AD; Hlozek, R; Hughes, JP; Lindner, RR; Marriage, TA; Menanteau, F; Moodley, K; Niemack, MD; Reese, ED; Sievers, J; Sif on, C; Srianand, R; Wollack, EJ (Oxford University Press, 2016-07-11)
    We present the detection of a giant radio halo (GRH) in the Sunyaev–Zel'dovich (SZ)-selected merging galaxy cluster ACT-CL J0256.5+0006 (z = 0.363), observed with the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope at 325 and 610 MHz. We ...
  • Koofhethile, CK; Ndhlovu, ZM; Thobakgale-Tshabalala, C; Prado, JG; Ismail, N; Mncube, Z; Mkhize, L; van der Stok, M; Yende, N; Walker, BD; Goulder, PJR; Ndung'u, T (American Society for Microbiology, 2016-07-11)
    The mechanisms of viral control and loss of viral control in chronically infected individuals with or without protective HLA class I alleles are not fully understood. We therefore characterized longitudinally the immunological ...
  • MacQueen, KM; Dlamini, S; Perry, B; Okumu, E; Sortijas, S; Singh, C; Pillay, D; Majors, A; Jerome, S; Watson, S; Karim, SA; Karim, QA; Mansoor, LE (Springer Verlag, 2016-11-01)
    CAPRISA 008, an open-label extension study of tenofovir gel with coitally-related dosing, provided an opportunity to explore the relationship between product adherence and gender dynamics in a context where women knew they ...
  • Madlala, P; Singh, R; An, P; Werner, L; Mlisana, K; Abdool Karim, SS; Winkler, CA; Ndungʼu, T (Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2016-08-15)
    BACKGROUND: Human cyclophilin A (CypA) encoded by peptidyl prolyl isomerase A gene (PPIA), enhances HIV-1 replication by aiding capsid uncoating. The association of genetic variation in the PPIA regulatory region with ...
  • Kharsany, AB; Karim, QA (Bentham Open, 2016-04-08)
    Global trends in HIV infection demonstrate an overall increase in HIV prevalence and substantial declines in AIDS related deaths largely attributable to the survival benefits of antiretroviral treatment. Sub-Saharan Africa ...
  • Joag, VR; McKinnon, LR; Liu, J; Kidane, ST; Yudin, MH; Nyanga, B; Kimwaki, S; Besel, KE; Obila, JO; Huibner, S; Oyugi, JO; Arthos, J; Anzala, O; Kimani, J; Ostrowski, MA; Kaul, R (Mucosal Immunology, 2016-01-01)
    A better understanding of the cellular targets of HIV infection in the female genital tract may inform HIV prevention efforts. Proposed correlates of cellular susceptibility include the HIV co-receptor CCR5, peripheral ...
  • Izulla, P; McKinnon, LR; Munyao, J; Ireri, N; Nagelkerke, N; Gakii, G; Gelmon, L; Nangami, M; Kaul, R; Kimani, J (Springer Verlag, 2016-07-01)
    As ART-based prevention becomes available, effectively targeting these interventions to key populations such as female sex workers (FSW) will be critical. In this study we analyze patterns of repeated post-exposure prophylaxis ...
  • Gray, GE; Laher, F; Doherty, T; Karim, SA; Hammer, S; Mascola, J; Beyrer, C; Corey, L (Public Library of Science, 2016-06-07)
    In the last 15 years, antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been the most globally impactful life-saving development of medical research. Antiretrovirals (ARVs) are used with great success for both the treatment and prevention ...
  • Gorman, J; Soto, C; Yang, MM; Davenport, TM; Guttman, M; Bailer, RT; Chambers, M; Chuang, GY; DeKosky, BJ; Doria-Rose, NA; Druz, A; Ernandes, MJ; Georgiev, IS; Jarosinski, MC; Joyce, MG; Lemmin, TM; Leung, S; Louder, MK; McDaniel, JR; Narpala, S; Pancera, M; Stuckey, J; Wu, X; Yang, Y; Zhang, B; Zhou, T; Mullikin, JC; Baxa, U; Georgiou, G; McDermott, AB; Bonsignori, M; Haynes, BF; Moore, PL; Morris, L; Lee, KK; Shapiro, L; Mascola, JR; Kwong, PD (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-01-01)
    Broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) against HIV-1 Env V1V2 arise in multiple donors. However, atomic-level interactions had previously been determined only with antibodies from a single donor, thus making commonalities ...
  • McKinnon, LR; Karim, QA (2016-06-01)
    The HIV pandemic has disproportionately impacted sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Africa in particular. The concurrent presence of overlapping epidemic drivers likely underpins how and why the HIV epidemic is so explosive ...
  • Mkhize, NN; Durgiah, R; Ashley, V; Archary, D; Garrett, NJ; Karim, QA; Karim, SS; Moore, PL; Yates, N; Passmore, JA; Tomaras, GD; Morris, L (Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2016-04-24)
    BACKGROUND: Broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) targeting conserved epitopes on the HIV envelope glycoprotein have been identified in blood from HIV-1 infected women. We investigated whether antibodies in the genital ...
  • George, G; Govender, K; Beckett, S; Montague, C; Frohlich, J (Public Library of Science, 2016-12-08)
    Voluntary medical male circumcision is an integral part of the South African government’s response to the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Following circumcision, it is recommended that patients abstain from sexual activity for six ...
  • Garrett, NJ; Drain, PK; Werner, L; Samsunder, N; Abdool Karim, SS (Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2016-06-01)
    The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) for all HIV-positive individuals regardless of CD4 cell count [1]. While 15 million people are already receiving ART, these new guidelines ...