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Intentionally introduced terrestrial invertebrates: patterns, risks, and options for management

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dc.contributor.author Kumschick, S
dc.contributor.author Devenish, A
dc.contributor.author Kenis, M
dc.contributor.author Rabitsch, W
dc.contributor.author Richardson, DM
dc.contributor.author Wilson, JRU
dc.date.accessioned 2018-07-11T15:00:02Z
dc.date.available 2018-07-11T15:00:02Z
dc.date.copyright 2016-02-26
dc.date.issued 2016-04
dc.identifier.citation Kumschick, S, Devenish, A, Kenis, M, Rabitsch, W, Richardson, DM & Wilson, JRU 2016, 'Intentionally introduced terrestrial invertebrates: patterns, risks, and options for management', Biological Invasions, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp 1077–1088, Viewed online 11 July 2018, Springer, https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-016-1086-5 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1387-3547
dc.identifier.uri https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-016-1086-5
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10907/2400
dc.description.abstract Our understanding and management of pathways of alien species introductions has improved significantly in the past few years. However, little attention has been paid in most parts of the world to the risks posed by the intentional introduction of alien terrestrial invertebrates which are not intended for use in biological control. We review the species and pathways involved in this intentional trade, and discuss key factors that mediate different aspects of risk. A total of 20 different intentions for the introduction of terrestrial invertebrates were identified. Uses and trade patterns have changed over time and further changes are likely in the future. In particular, invertebrates used in the pet trade, and as human food and animal feed are likely to increase in relevance. We assess priorities for future research and regulation based on the perceived “risk” of the uses including propagule pressure, security of captivity and ease of regulation. Regarding risk assessment, we examine three options: (a) using an existing generic protocol developed for a broad range of taxa; (b) developing a new protocol, possibly by adapting a protocol developed for other taxa; and (c) adopting the approach applied for biological control, i.e. structured experiments and observations. This review highlights the diversity of uses and associated threats of intentional terrestrial invertebrate introductions. It provides recommendations on how to tackle and prevent related issues and can therefore serve as a guideline for future work. We argue that the most suitable option for risk assessment might depend on the type or organism and the level of knowledge of the organism, as well as the intended use. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National Research Foundation (South Africa) en_US
dc.format.extent Fig: i, tables: ii, 12 p en_US
dc.format.medium PDF en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Spring Link en_US
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/ *
dc.subject Biological invasions en_US
dc.subject Risk assessment en_US
dc.subject Insects en_US
dc.subject Arthropods en_US
dc.subject Prediction en_US
dc.subject Pathways en_US
dc.title Intentionally introduced terrestrial invertebrates: patterns, risks, and options for management en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.rights.holder Springer Link en_US


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